Hairless rats, or Sphynx rats, are a very special type of bald pet rat. They are very unique, and may have slight traces of hair or fuzz, depending upon the genetics that they have and the type of hairless rat they are. Luka the Hairless Rat. This rat has whiskers, which means it is not a true hairless. However, you can see how clean the body is on this specific specimen, giving you a good idea of what a true hairless would look like.
Bald rats data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. The remaining hairs, a peach fuzz, are about the only hairs that can grow. Animals exhibiting signs and symptoms of distress should be seen by a veterinarian immediately. However, you can see how clean the body Montreal escort shanna kiss on this specific specimen, giving you a good idea of what a true hairless would look like. The Guide Bald rats Owning a Rat. In fiction, pet brown rats are often depicted as tamed rather than domesticatedakin to when a character befriends a wolf. Not Helpful 0 Helpful 1. Retrieved 11 November
Busty mature thumb. True Hairless Rat or Sphynx Rat
Naked mole-rats' substance P deficiency has also been Bald rats tats their lack of the histamine-induced itching and scratching behavior typical of rodents. Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution. They will Bald rats sometimes help or take care of other sick rats. I want a white and black rat and name it Oreo. Molecular Pain. Retrieved 9 January He has lived in this since he was born and done wonderful. Retrieved 5 July I have 2 eight week old rat girls. Retrieved February 20, Queens are larger and may weigh well over 50 Bald rats 1. BBC Earth.
Hairless rats make playful, inquisitive pets, but they may require a bit of extra attention due to their lack of hair.
- We are happy that you have decided to adopt a Rat.
- Choosing rat names can be hard!
- Have you ever thought about getting a hairless rat as a pet?
- The naked mole-rat Heterocephalus glaber , also known as the sand puppy ,  is a burrowing rodent native to parts of East Africa.
Have you ever thought about getting a hairless rat as a pet? Hairless rats are unique animals that require essentially the same care as their haired counterparts. But with a few extra steps to ensure that they stay warm and that their sensitive skin stays healthy.
However they have some worrying health issues that you will need to consider before you decide to buy one. Including why hairless rats are hairless.
Looking at special considerations for hairless rat care and whether or not a hairless rat would be a good pet for you. Hairless rats are basically a variation of the fancy rat e.
So any perceived coloring is probably just very short dark hair. According to the Journal of Investigative Dermatology, hairless rats the result of a genetic mutation that prevents the thymus gland from developing.
Per the Laboratory Animal Science Journal, hairless rats are born haired, but due to their compromised immune system, their birth hair will completely fall out within a few weeks or months. The offspring of hairless rats may either become hairless or stay haired, depending on whether or not the hairless parent was bred with another hairless rat or a haired rat.
If one parent is haired, their genes may recess the hairless gene, and so the babies could be born with their thymus glands intact. Refer to the following hairless rat facts for our recommendations on keeping a hairless rat happy and healthy:.
Regardless of the type of rat that you purchase, please house them in a cage with no sharp edges or sharp objects. This is important for hairless rats, especially, what with their lack of protection from all things pointy! Haired rats are already susceptible to cold, so hairless rats are especially intolerant of cold temperatures.
However, it can be very hard and expensive! Alternatively a giant cage kept in a warm room in your home should suffice as long as he has lots of bedding. This one on Amazon is perfect for two or three rats to live in. This is so because hairless rats do not have hair to protect their delicate skin, so some types of bedding may be drying or otherwise irritating to their skin. Try to use something soft and absorbent. If you have rat hammocks and other rat toys, you will need to rotate and wash them at least every other day.
They have been known to eat their young or to refuse to care for them…yikes! If they do lactate, then they generally do not produce enough milk to sustain their babies. This is due to their subpar immune system — they are barely able to sustain themselves, let alone others!
Other than that, hairless rat babies just require the same general care that their haired friends do. Their hair essentially breaks off from the follicle when they are babies, but sometimes, the remaining follicle plug can get clogged, creating a pimple-like bump. These bumps can rupture and become infected, which, for a hairless rat, can become a life or death situation. Due to their lack of a thymus and subsequent suppressed immune system, hairless rats can get sick or contract bacterial infections pretty easily.
You should really disinfect your hands before playing with any rat, but this is especially important if you own hairless rats! According to the American Fancy Rat and Mouse Association, hairless rats rarely live beyond a year, thanks to their inability or decreased ability to fight off infection.
This could possibly be attributed to the added work that it takes to successfully raise hairless babies to adulthood recall what we said about hairless rat mommies. After all, what could be cuter than a dumbo hairless rat, with adorably huge ears? And, how fun would it be to come up with hairless rat names? We can think of Dobby, ET, and Pinky, to name a few. Rather, he should live in a cage with solid walls that will prevent him from feeling a draft. Bedding for hairless rats may take some trial and error, as their sensitive skin has no barrier from objects that might be just a little too pointy such as textured or wood bedding.
And ultimately, only you can decide how you feel about buying a pet that is bred to be less healthy than his furred counterparts. Asakawa, M. Booth, C. Inazu, M. They require a cage with adequate ventilation to protect their delicate respiratory systems from ammonia buildup caused by their urine.
I have a bald rat he lives in a Rubbermaid tub with plenty of holes in the top. He has lived in this since he was born and done wonderful. He is 3 years old now. I change out his bedding often and he has never been sick. My Schmegl is going on 1 year and 3 months and has had no medical issues. She lives in a normal cage with 3 levels and ladders. Have never had any scratches or skin damage. I hope she will have a decent lifespan. One of them is prone to eye infections but the other 3 are perfectly healthy.
Squeaks and Nibbles. Pet Rats. Share on Facebook. What would cause my hairless Rat to breath do fast what can ido.
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According to the Journal of Investigative Dermatology, hairless rats the result of a genetic mutation that prevents the thymus gland from developing. In zero-oxygen atmosphere, it can survive 18 minutes apparently without suffering any harm but none survived a test of 30 minutes. Samantha Martin, a professional animal trainer for films, commercials, and music videos, has claimed that rats are one of the easiest animals to train due to their adaptability, intelligence, and focus. I picked out Remy for one of them but does anyone else have any suggestions for the 2nd rat? They are in fact not hairless, and it is not a genetic mutation that produces no hair at all.
Bald rats. Cute Rat Names
The skin of naked mole-rats lacks neurotransmitters in their cutaneous sensory fibers. As a result, the naked mole-rats feel no pain when they are exposed to acid or capsaicin. When they are injected with substance P , a type of neurotransmitter, the pain signaling works as it does in other mammals but only with capsaicin and not with acids.
This is proposed to be an adaptation to the animal living in high levels of carbon dioxide due to poorly ventilated living spaces which would cause acid to build up in their body tissues. Naked mole-rats' substance P deficiency has also been tied to their lack of the histamine-induced itching and scratching behavior typical of rodents. Naked mole-rats have a high resistance to tumours, although it is likely that they are not entirely immune to related disorders. The combination of p16 and p27 in naked mole-rat cells is a double barrier to uncontrolled cell proliferation, one of the hallmarks of cancer.
In , scientists reported that the reason naked mole-rats do not get cancer can be attributed to an "extremely high-molecular-mass hyaluronan " HMW-HA a natural sugary substance , which is over "five times larger" than that in cancer-prone humans and cancer-susceptible laboratory animals.
In , a report was published that recorded the first ever discovered malignancies in two naked mole-rats, in two individuals. The Golan Heights blind mole-rat Spalax golani and the Judean Mountains blind mole-rat Spalax judaei are also resistant to cancer, but by a different mechanism. This has been referred to as "living their life in pulses". The DNA repair transcriptomes of the liver of humans, naked mole rats and mice were compared. The longer-lived species, humans and naked mole rats, expressed DNA repair genes, including core genes in several DNA repair pathways, at a higher level than did mice.
In addition, several DNA repair pathways in humans and naked mole rats were up-regulated compared with mice. These findings suggest that increased DNA repair facilitates greater longevity, and also are consistent with the DNA damage theory of aging. Reproducing females become the dominant female, usually, by founding new colonies, fighting for the dominant position, or taking over once the reproducing female dies. These reproducing females tend to have longer bodies than that of their non-reproducing counterparts of the same skull width.
The measurements of females before they became reproductive and after show significant increases in body size. It is believed that this trait does not occur due to pre-existing morphological differences but to the actual attainment of the dominant female position.
These males also have visible outlines of the testes through the skin of their abdomens. Unlike the females, there are usually multiple reproducing males. The naked mole-rat's subterranean habitat imposes constraints on its circadian rhythm. The naked mole-rat is native to the drier parts of the tropical grasslands of East Africa, predominantly southern Ethiopia , Kenya , and Somalia.
Clusters averaging 75 to 80 individuals live together in complex systems of burrows in arid African deserts. The naked mole-rat is the first mammal discovered to exhibit eusociality. This eusocial structure is similar to that found in ants , termites , and some bees and wasps. The non-reproducing females appear to be reproductively suppressed, meaning the ovaries do not fully mature, and do not have the same levels of certain hormones as the reproducing females.
On the other hand, there is little difference of hormone concentration between reproducing and non-reproducing males. In experiments where the reproductive female was removed or died, one of the non-reproducing females would take over and become sexually active. Non-reproducing members of the colony are involved in cooperative care of the pups produced by the reproducing female.
This occurs through the workers keeping the pups from straying, foraging for food, grooming, contributing to extension of tunnels, and keeping them warm. The Damaraland mole-rat Cryptomys damarensis is the only other eusocial mammal currently known. The relationships between the queen and the breeding males may last for many years; other females are temporarily sterile. When the queen dies, another female takes her place, sometimes after a violent struggle with her competitors.
Once established, the new queen's body expands the space between the vertebrae in her backbone to become longer and ready to bear pups.
A litter typically ranges from three to twelve pups, but may be as large as twenty-eight. The average litter size is eleven. The queen nurses them for the first month; after which the other members of the colony feed them fecal pap until they are old enough to eat solid food.
There are two main types of worker, the "frequent workers" who frequently perform tasks such as foraging and nest building and "infrequent workers" that show role overlap with the "frequent workers" but perform at a much slower rate. Inbreeding is a common phenomenon among naked mole-rats within a colony. Prolonged inbreeding is usually associated with lower fitness. Colonies range in size from 20 to individuals, with an average of Reproductively active female naked mole rats tend to associate with unfamiliar males usually non-kin , whereas reproductively inactive females do not discriminate.
Inbreeding is avoided because it ordinarily leads to the expression of recessive deleterious alleles. Naked mole-rats feed primarily on very large tubers weighing as much as a thousand times the body weight of a typical mole-rat that they find deep underground through their mining operations. A single tuber can provide a colony with a long-term source of food—lasting for months, or even years,  as they eat the inside but leave the outside, allowing the tuber to regenerate.
Symbiotic bacteria in their intestines ferment the fibres, allowing otherwise indigestible cellulose to be turned into volatile fatty acids. Naked mole-rats sometimes also eat their own feces.
Naked mole rats are primarily preyed upon by snakes—especially the Rufous beaked snake and Kenyan sand boa —as well as various raptors. Naked mole-rats are not threatened. They are widespread and numerous in the drier regions of East Africa. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Burrowing rodent; one of only two known eusocial mammals. Temporal range: 4. Conservation status. Play media.
Mammalian Species. Heterocephalus glaber. University of Chicago Press. In Wilson, D. M eds. Johns Hopkins University Press. In Korb J, Heinze J eds. Ecology of Social Evolution. Biological Sciences. Retrieved Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. Princeton, N. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. Meet Our Animals. Smithsonian National Zoo Park. Archived from the original on September Bibcode : Sci The Washington Post. This reference makes some incorrect statements, such as implying that using glucose requires oxygen but using fructose does not.
The Journals of Gerontology: Series A. Retrieved February 9, Journal of Anatomy. PLoS Biology. Molecular Pain. Veterinary Pathology. Bibcode : PNAS.. New York Times. Retrieved 20 June They are in fact not hairless, and it is not a genetic mutation that produces no hair at all. As rexes are bred and the gene is strengthened, there will be a noticeable hair thinning among the offspring.
The first stop between rex and hairless is a rat with some thinning and balding; known as a patchwork rat. This then takes the rat from a patchwork to a patchwork hairless. This patchwork hairless rat will continue to molt and regrow its hair during its lifetime. This occurs because the strength of the gene produces a coat that just cannot maintain itself.
It is incredible thick, brittle, and kinked. The remaining hairs, a peach fuzz, are about the only hairs that can grow. The final stop is a rat that has such strong rexing that it possesses virtually no hair at all other than its whiskers or brow hairs; perhaps a hair off of that cute little face mole that they have.
Baby Shampoo is the perfect shampoo for hairless and furry rats as it is gentle, tear free, and non toxic! Photo Credit: Stephanie-inlove via Flickr. You will need to wash the ratty in a mild, tear free, non toxic baby shampoo once every week or two.
This will keep the skin clear and clean, reducing build up. Generally, off brands are simply the same ingredients made by a different manufacturer; and this is true with many baby shampoos. They have a wide variety of products, and their traditional tear free gentle baby shampoo is what I would recommend.
If you are new to hairless rats, you might notice that your hairless rat feels much warmer, or even hot, as compared to your furry ratties. This is because hairless rats have to maintain a higher body temperature in order to stay warm, as they have no fur.
Hairless rats make playful, inquisitive pets, but they may require a bit of extra attention due to their lack of hair. You can provide your hairless rat with excellent care by learning about how to feed, house, and protect your rat's health. To care for a hairless rat, prepare a cage with at least 2 square feet of floor space, and line it with paper bedding or newspaper. Make sure to clean the bedding 3 times a week, since hairless rats are prone to respiratory infections caused by dirty cages.
Additionally, provide your rat with a lab block to eat, which will give it all the vitamins and minerals it needs to be healthy. You can also offer it fruits and vegetables, like strawberries or carrots, once a day to give it something fresh to eat. For advice from our Veterinary co-author on how to bathe your rat if it starts to smell, read on!
She graduated from the University of Glasgow in with a degree in veterinary medicine and surgery. She has worked at the same animal clinic in her hometown for over 20 years.
Categories: Mice and Rats. Learn why people trust wikiHow. There are 14 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page.
Give your rat a lab block. Lab blocks made with soy are also beneficial for female rats. Offer some fresh fruit and vegetables to your rat. Rats like to munch on fresh fruits and vegetables as well, so try to offer your rat a piece of something fresh to munch on every day.
Some good fruit and vegetable choices for your rat include:  strawberries watermelon pears apples plums kiwi zucchini spinach broccoli cauliflower carrots. Let your rat have a special treat now and then. Other foods can provide great nutritious treats for your rat as well. Just make sure that these are given in moderation, such as once or twice per week.
Some good occasional treats for your rat include:  canned oysters small pieces of meat such as beef, chicken, or shrimp dog biscuits yogurt low-sugar cereal. Provide your rat with plenty of water. Rats need to stay hydrated and water is the best thing for them to drink. Make sure that your rat always has access to plenty of clean, fresh water in a sipper water bottle.
Do not give your rat a dish of water. Rats can kick feces and food into the water and contaminate it. It is also easy for your rat to kick his water over and this can lead to dehydration. Prevent your rat from eating certain foods. Some foods to avoid giving your rat include:  green bananas green potato skins oranges artichokes onions dry beans raw sweet potatoes cooked ones are okay rhubarb raw peanuts roasted ones are okay wild insects blue cheese.
Choose a proper cage for your rat. A wire cage, similar to a bird cage, is best. You can also house your rats in an aquarium or glass tank. As you choose a cage for your rate make sure that you consider:  Size. Your rat will need to have room to run around and play in his cage. Make sure that you get a cage that is large enough for your rat to run around in.
The general rule is 2 square feet per rat. If you decide to go with a wire cage, then make sure that the bottom is solid metal rather than wire. Rats can get their feet caught in wire-bottom cages and this can lead to broken limbs and infections. Play spaces. It is important to provide ladders and shelves within the cage so that your rat can climb around and play. Wire Spacing.
For adults, wire spacing should be equal or less than 1 inch. Remember, any hole a rat can get it's head through, it can get the rest of its body through. Select softer bedding. Both hairless and regular rats require bedding material on the bottom of the cage to run, dig, and sleep. While wood chips such as aspen are fine for regular rats, the sharp edges can cut the skin of a hairless rat.
Wood chips can also dry out the skin. Use paper bedding or recycled newspaper instead. You can also use a soft blanket made from fleece. Change the bedding often. Spray the cage with water and scrub it with a pet brush and soap. Make sure that you rinse off the soap residue with warm water. Then, dry the inside of the cage with towels and add fresh bedding.
Adjust the ambient temperature. Hairless rats get chilled easier than regular rats. Consider putting a hairless rat with a furry rat. Rats are highly social pets like many other small pets. Hairless rats enjoy cuddling into the fur of the regular breed companion. Take your rat for regular veterinary checkups. Regular veterinary visits will help to keep your hairless rat in good health and catch any problems before they become severe.
Take your rat to see a veterinarian soon after you get him or her. You should also watch for signs that your rat may be sick and take him to see a veterinarian if you notice anything unusual.
Some signs of illness in rats include:  lethargy dull coat or puffy looking coat loss of appetite wheezing, raspy breathing, or other signs of respiratory distress sneezing. Bathe your rat if necessary. However, you may decide to give your rat a bath if he develops a bad smell.
To bathe your rat, fill the bathroom sink with warm water. Then, use one hand to dunk the rat under the water to the head not the head under the water. Rinse off all of the soap. Dry the rat with a towel, and move the rat to a clean cage to let him dry. Consider using a heat lamp, or hair dryer over the drying cage to speed up the drying process.
Your rat's eyes may need some attention now and then as well to keep them clean. To clean your rat's eyes, get a cosmetic sponge and run it under some warm water.
Massage the skin. Skin irritation is a major source of concern for hairless rats. Repeat this massage once a week. Follow up the massage with a high protein snack as a reward. Perhaps a piece of chicken, turkey, beef, or cube of cheese. The average lifespan of a hairless rat is considerably shorter than for haired rats, at around 12 months.
This is because the gene coding for hairlessness also inhibits the formation of part of the immune system. Yes No. Not Helpful 0 Helpful 0. Hairless rats are prone to dry skin, so whilst occasional baths are a good idea, be careful not to over-bathe them.
Use a mild moisturizing shampoo, such as a pet shampoo containing oatmeal, and dry the pet well afterward. Sunscreen would definitely be helpful if your rat is outside long enough. Keep in mind that rats constantly groom and lick themselves, so getting a non-toxic sunscreen that is safe to ingest is very important.
Not Helpful 0 Helpful Just be sure to clean it and replace it regularly as they will usually chew it up and pee on it. Not Helpful 0 Helpful 8. I used to have a hairless rat, but he only lived for a couple of months after we adopted him. What did I do wrong? He may have been old when you got him, or may have had an underlying problem. As long as you fed and watered him, cleaned his cage and played with him, it probably wasn't your fault.
Not Helpful 3 Helpful Rats only bite when they feel threatened in order to protect themselves, so try not to startle, corner, or force the rat into doing something they don't want to do, as that can lead to biting.
Not Helpful 0 Helpful 3. If it's the hair dander that's causing the allergic reaction, this may be a good choice; however, it could be the saliva they bathe themselves with that you are allergic to.
If you have the opportunity, find a hairless rat and see how you feel around it. I don't see why they wouldn't, just because one has hair and the other doesn't.
Generally all rats have roughly the same dietary needs.